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Philosophy Of Education

Philosophy of education is the component of applied philosophy that explores the nature of education as well as its purposes and problems. Philosophy of Education is Acquainted with various educational philosophies such as Essentialism Perennialism Progressivism existentialism behaviorism constructivism reconstruction ISM, However, have you fully comprehended what these philosophies mean.


                                                               Philosophy Of Education

 Philosophy Of Education;

The philosophy of education has significance as its primary purpose is to describe educational knowledge, prioritizing pedagogical approaches, through dialectical, rational, and rhetorical analyzes. These, in the case of logic, are based on tools included to carry out verification of statements that relate to the truth, you will know better the known philosophies that influence the teaching profession.  


What does philosophy mean? 

The word philosophy comes from two Greek words filo and sophist filo means love suffice means wisdom literally and philosophy means love of wisdom. 


The philosophy of education examines the goals forms methods and meaning of education it is important to understand how philosophy and education are interrelated in order to become the most effective teacher you can be you must understand your own beliefs while at the same time empathizing with others. 
What is the meaning of education philosophy?
A statement that determines and clarifies the beliefs, values, and understandings of an individual or group with respect to education is a philosophy of education.

Main Philosophy of Education:

Let's start to learn more about the philosophies of Education.

  1. Essentialism
  2. Perennialism
  3. Progressivism
  4. Existentialism
  5. Behaviorism,
  6. Constructivism
  7. Reconstructionism ISM
Philosophy of education has a type which is known as Essentialism. Essentialism advocates training the mind. What is essential in this philosophical school of thought, the aim is to instill in students the essentials of academic knowledge acting in a back-to-basics approach with the emphasis on education on academic content, for students to learn the basic skills or the fundamental arts such as reading writing arithmetic and right conduct essentialist teachers emphasize mastery of subject matter they are expected to be intellectual and moral models of their students they observe core requirements and longer academic year. To sum up 
Essentialism in these points:
  • Schooling is practical for this will prepare students to become competent and beneficial members of society. 
  • Essentialism concentrates on the basics-reading, writing, speaking, and the command to compute (arithmetic). 
  • Subjects that are provided emphasis contain, grammar, reading, history, geography art, mathematics, and hygiene. 
  • It emphasizes the values of hard work, diligence, discipline, and respect for authorities. 
  • Learners should be taught to consider logically and systematically grasping not just the parts but the whole. 
  • Strategies of teaching center on giving everyday assignments, exercises, recitation, frequent testing, and evaluation.


The Philosophy of education has another type of philosophy which is called Perennialism.  perennialism philosophy of education in education is the belief that schools should teach ideas that are everlasting you can remember the word Perennialism by remembering that perennial means lasting for many years the goal of a perennial aesthetic action is to teach students to think rationally and develop minds that can think critically the Perennialism is a universal one what the perennial teachers teach are lifted from classic and great books the perennial Estas rooms are teacher-centered students engaged in Socratic dialogue or mutual inquiry sessions to develop an understanding of history's most timeless concepts. 

To sum up Perennialism:
  • Some of the ideas from the past are still being taught because they are consequential.
  • The curriculum should contain cognitive subjects that develop rationality, ethics, aesthetics, and religious regulations. This contains history, language, math, reasoning and logic, literature, humanities, and science.
  • The curriculum must be established on recurrent themes of human life for it views education as a recurring process based on everlasting truths.
  • The educator must have mastery of the subject matter and the authority in exercising it.
  • Perennialism strives for the education of the rational person—to create man’s capability of thought—the paramount aim of this philosophy.
The Philosophy of education has a type which is known as Progressivism, Progressivism is the idea that education comes from the experience of the child's progressive esteems to develop learners into becoming enlightened and intelligent citizens. In a progressive curriculum that responds to student's needs and that relates to their personal lives and experiences teachers teach students things that are practical for life and encourage them to grow into better people they also teach students the skills to cope with change progressive as teachers employ experiential methods they believe that one learns by doing another known.
Progressivism can sum up in these words:
  • Progressivism concentrates on the child as a fundamental instead than on the content or the teacher.
  • The Curriculum content arrives from the questions and interests of the students.
  • Assertiveness is given to the confirmation of opinions by the students through active experiments.
  • Methods of teaching contain discussions, interaction (teacher with students), and group dynamics.
  • It disagrees with the extreme reliance on bookish methods of instruction, learning through memorization, the use of fear and penalty, and the four-walled philosophy of education.
Existentialism Philosophy:
The Philosophy of education has a type which is Existentialism. Existentialism in education focuses on the individual's freedom to choose their own purpose in life, the main concern of existentialists is to help students understand and appreciate themselves as unique individuals who accept complete responsibility for their thoughts feelings, and actions in existentialist curriculum students are given a wide variety of options from which to choose humanities are given tremendous emphasis existentialist methods focus on the individual.
Existentialism summery in these words:
  • The subject matter is an individual choice.
  • Learning is based on the willingness of the student to determine and give purpose to the subject
  • Priority is given to the students instead of the curriculum content.
  • Character growth is the responsibility of every person in making a decision.
  • Learners should not be treated as entities to be counted and standardized
  • Methods are geared toward giving opportunities for the students for self-direction and self-actualization.
Behaviorism Philosophy:
Behaviorism is another type of philosophy of education. This philosophy focuses on the acquisition of new behavior based on environmental conditions. Behaviorists are concerned with the modification and shaping of students' behavior by providing a favorable environment since they believe that we are products of our environment.
behaviorist teachers teach students to respond favorably to various stimuli in the environment teachers arrange environmental conditions so that students can make the responses to impulses, they provide reinforcement and punishment to reinforce positive responses so we can eliminate negative ones.
Behaviorism sums up:
§  Behaviorism claims that human beings are shaped completely by their exterior environment
§  The foremost fact and truth is the physical world.
Constructivism Philosophy:
Another known philosophy of education is constructivism. constructivism says that people construct their own understanding and knowledge of the world through experiencing things and reflecting on those experiences constructivist aims to develop intrinsically motivated and independent learners equipped with skills of learning for them to be competent to produce knowledge and make meaning of them students are taught how to learn they are taught learning processes and skills the constructivist teacher provides students with data or experiences that allow them to hypothesize predict manipulate pose questions research and invent.
To sum up Constructivism
§ Constructivism philosophy is a philosophy of learning which proclaims that reality does not exist beyond human conceptions.
§  It is the individual who creates reality by reflecting on his own understanding and experience and giving meaning to it.
§  Learning is the procedure of adjusting one’s cognitive modes to adapt and accommodate new experiences.
Reconstruction ISM:
The last philosophy of education that we will tackle here is reconstruction ISM, Reconstruction is a more critical theory philosophy that emphasizes the addressing of social questions in a quest to create a better society in worldwide democracy reconstructionist educators focus on a curriculum that highlights social reform as the aim of Education for reconstructionist curriculum focuses on students taking social action in solving real problems such as environmental problems hunger international terrorism inflation and inequality reconstructionists deal with social issues through inquiry dialogue and multiple perspectives community-based learning and bringing the world into the classroom are also utilized.
Reconstructivism sums up:
§  Schools should create policies and improvements that will bring social reforms and order.
§  Educators should be a tool to uplift and lead students in the program or social reforms.
§  The curriculum emphasizes social reforms as the aim of education. It concentrates on student knowledge, and experience and taking social efforts on real difficulties.
§  Methods of teaching include the problem-oriented style (students are urged to critically analyze cultural heritage), group discussion, dialogues, inquiry, interactions, and community-based knowledge.
§  The classroom will act as a laboratory for experimenting with school approaches “bringing the world into the classroom”.
Do you have questions about these philosophies comment them below, Thanks.


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